About Epilepsy Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention
Epilepsy can be defined as a neural and sensual brain disorder wherein the brain does not act properly and tend to behave unrepresentative and abnormal resulting in seizures.
The brain becomes unaware and the sensations are not signaled well.
Common Epilepsy can be within anyone of us irrespective of someone’s age, gender, race, or others but it is very common in the youth. However, symptoms vary widely from one person to another.
Therefore, one needs to go for medications, surgeries, or therapies under the prescription of their doctor only.
Although the reason for epilepsy is still not known, it is caused by many factors like alcohol consumption, brain injury, sugar level, trauma, and others. Epilepsy may or may not be hereditary.
Experts have basically classified seizures into the following two types.
Generalized seizures cover seizures in all the brain parts. Generalized seizures can be of many types like tonic or atonic seizures, clonic or myoclonic seizures, and many others.
Focal seizures focus on seizures in only a particular part of the brain. Focal seizures can be without loss of consciousness or with impaired awareness.
Symptoms of epilepsy
Common causes of epilepsy
• Brain-related disorder by birth
• Dementia, autism, or Alzheimer’s disease
• Genetics or parental history
• Decrease in blood sugar level
• Suffering from infections like HIV or meningitis
• Age (children and aged people have more chances to adapt to this)
Complications associated with Epilepsy disease
Prevention steps –
The following measures are suggested by experts to prevent epilepsy –
• Have proper sleep
• Play mind games whenever free
• Quit smoking, alcoholism, or drugs
• Manage your stress
• Eat healthy, nutritional diet
• Protect your head
• Do not use flashlights
Myths about epilepsy
Fact – no , epilepsy cannot be transmitted through physical or direct contact.
Fact – this is really a fun myth. How can a person swallow its own tongue? Its just next to impossible.
Fact – no , its not necessary all the time . You may also have some other issues and not epilepsy. Diagnosis can help.
Fact – the learning capability of a person decreases during epilepsy but it does not mean that they cannot learn and are dumb. Its just that they will be a bit slow from other children’s.
How do doctors diagnose epilepsy ?
Doctors take the following various tests to evaluate, determine and diagnose your epilepsy –
• Neurological tests or neuropsychological tests to study your activities, behavior, disabilities, and other function abnormality
• Statistical parametric mapping test
• Functional Magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)
• Electrical source imaging and Magnetoencephalography tests
Doctors provide various medications, surgeries, and therapies to treat your epilepsy. The first thing they go for is medication only. Surgeries are the end option taken.
Medications –: anti-epileptic medications and drugs are provided for the seizures. Some of the common drugs prescribed by the doctors can be clobazam, Neurontin, primidone, Banzel, and Sabril. ( please do not go for any without your doctor’s grant ).
Surgery – In case medications do not show their effect, Surgeries can be operated to remove the affected part away from the brain.
Therapies treatments – alternative therapies like Ketogenic diets, vagus nerve stimulation, deep brain stimulation, and neurostimulations are also provided on a timely basis.
Frequently asked questions –
Answer – yes , epilepsy is a common issue . Around 50 million people suffers epilepsy worldwide.
Answer – seizure can stay forb30 seconds to a minute.
Answer – seizures are the sudden electrical disruption in the brain that cannot be controlled in any way.
Answer – no , the seizures do not give you any kind of pain or do not hurt you physically.
Answer – no , epilepsy is not really fatal . Moreover , epilepsy can be fatal in few cases where it is sudden and unexpected ( SUDEP ) but its rare.
Answer – in most cases , an epileptic patient do not have permission to drive car or any other vehicle on road. However , in case its needed , you need your written letter and signature from your doctor by which you would be permitted