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Complications of Dengue Fever, Tests, Stages, Treatment and Early signs

Complications of Dengue Fever, Tests, Stages, Treatment and Early signs

Dengue – is it fatal really?

Here is all you need to know –

symptoms, causes, prevention, myths, diagnosis, treatment, FAQs

Overview

Dengue viral disease is spread among humans by mosquito bites causing mild or severe sickness in one. It is like Chikungunya and cholera infection only as they are also caused by mosquitoes but not exactly the same. More than 3.5 billion people word widely affected by dengue. Risk factors are there but proper care can help. Certain proven vaccines are also available for dengue. The flu-like symptoms vary among different people and can occur within three days or more. One can suffer body pain, headache, fever, vomiting, or other problems due to dengue.

Dengue is generally common in some races like southeast Asia, Africa, America, western side pacific islands. One must use mosquito repellent, cover their body properly while going outside and take care of other prevention steps to stay away from diseases like dengue, zika, Chikungunya and others. The virus has four stereotypes

(DEN 1, DEN 2, DEN 3, DEN 4).

Symptoms for dengue include –

Looking at the symptoms side, Symptoms are not visible in every patient. Many don’t experience any symptoms or may experience very mild them. Less than five percent of patients experience symptoms in themselves. They may last for a week or a month. Some of the visible signs maybe –Β 

β€’ Joint pain and other bone pain

β€’ Muscle pain

β€’ Nausea

β€’ Vomiting

β€’ Rashes on the skin

β€’ Eye pain

β€’ Headache

β€’ Inflammatory glands

β€’ Pain in the abdomen

β€’ Fatigue

β€’ Loss of appetite

β€’ Red spots on skin or face

β€’ Chills

β€’ Yellowish skin

β€’ Blood in urine, stool

β€’ Low blood pressure

β€’ Leakage of Blood plasma

β€’ Sweating

β€’ Shock

β€’ Stomach pain

β€’ Nose bleeding

β€’ Inability to breathe properly

When to seek medical attention

Although dengue is not fatal if left untreated can be life-threatening. If you face the above warning symptoms like body pain, vomiting, fever, and others, you immediately need to go to see your doctor before it’s too late.

Causes –

Causes are not much but only a few.

β€’ Mosquitos bites

β€’ Getting in physical touch with the infected person

β€’ Living in a tropical areas

β€’ Affected from another such virus in the past

Complications –

Following are a few of the complications associated with the dengue virus –

β€’ Organ damage

β€’ Seizures

β€’ Internal bleeding or blood clotting

β€’ Mild or severe shock

β€’ Death

β€’ Pregnancy complications ( the child may get affected by the same)

β€’ Weight loss

β€’ Distress

β€’ Enlarged liver part

Areas where dengue is most infectious –

β€’Β  India

β€’ Taiwan

β€’ Australia

β€’ China

β€’ Southeast Asia

β€’ Southeast America

β€’ Africa

β€’ Mexico

β€’ Western Pacific island

Prevention can be done by –

β€’ Use mosquito repellent

β€’ Do not reside in populated and unhygienic residents

β€’ Cover your body with full sleeve length dresses

β€’ Take the approved vaccine for dengue

β€’ Use screens on windows and doors of your house

β€’ Fix holes in the house

β€’ Eat citrus foods, yogurt, garlic, and almonds

β€’ Drink purified fresh water

Myths created about dengue

Fact – no , there is no such case or evidence which proves this myth.

Fact – dengue is not chickenpox that cannot happen twice. Infact , if happened twice can worsen the disease.

Fact – although chances are higher in dirty places , still the good resident people also get the disease.

Fact – no , dengue mosquitoes are active all the day as well as night.

Diagnosis

Β There is not a particular diagnosis for dengue defined by experts. Some things that doctors study may include –

β€’ Nucleic acid amplification tests

β€’ Blood test

β€’ Travel history

β€’ Other past medical history

Treatments

Dengue is not a disease to be sorted by a single therapy or medication. Suggestions of experts include –

β€’ Stay hydrated

β€’ OTC drug acetaminophen

β€’ Pain killers

β€’ Fresh fruits and vegetable consumption

β€’ Monitoring of blood pressure

β€’ Intravenous fluids

β€’ Electrolyte replacement

β€’ Transfusion

Frequently asked questions –

Answer – no , dengue is not really a contagious disease and it can spread only through mosquitos.

Answer – your liver or lung organ

Answer – yes , you can get dengue without any symptoms

Answer – any women suffering from dengue in moderate can face complications during their periods. Consult of doctor is suggested for this.

Answer – yes , cases have came where one get affected by the infection twice or even more than that.

Answer – yes , dengue in moderate is a fatal disease.