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Edema – (nothing but swelling) Overview: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Edema – (nothing but swelling) Overview: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Prevention


Edema can be termed as nothing but swelling, inflammation, or puffiness in the body tissues that is the cause of the trap of excess fluid there.

Edema is not defined as a particular part of the body , it can affect any body part of yours like arms , palms , hands , feet , toes , legs, ankles, and other

The common causes of Edema can be many as pregnancy, viral infectious diseases, consumption of too many medications, or sprains. Also, Edema left untreated can result in organ failures and other body complications.

Types of Edema

Edema basically is on the following three locations –

1. Pulmonary Edema – when the fluid strain is trapped in the lung tissues, it is the pulmonary Edema.

2. Cerebral Edema – when the fluid strain is trapped in the brain tissues due to certain injury or damage, it is the cerebral Edema.

3. Peripheral Edema – when the Edema is infected in the body tissues like legs, hands, arms, and feet, they are referred to as peripheral Edema.


There are very general signs and symptoms to detect Edema in any body parts. They include –

• Puffiness in any body part like legs, hands, etc.

• High blood pressure

• High pulse rate

• The swollen part leaves pits when pressed

• Stretched abdomen part

• Difficulty in breathing

• Chest pain

• Headache

When to see an expert

If one notices swelling or puffiness in their whole body or any certain body part, or they feel difficulty in breathing, they need to take a doctor to support for further diagnosis and treatment.


Edema can be the result of the following issues –

• Pregnancy

• Not moving from the workplace often

• Eating too sugary or salty foods

• Taking too many medications and steroids

• Protein and other nutritional deficiencies

• Suffering from diseases like heart disease, kidney disease, lung disease

• Blood clotting

• Joint pain or arthritis

• Thiazolidinedione’s consumption

• Infectious allergy

Complications associated with Edema disease –

Edema can lead to severe complication issues including –

• Ulcer

• Inelastic body tissues leading to various organ damage

• Stiff and painful body

Self prevention steps –

Although Edema disease cant is prevented but taking care of a few conscious things can help.

• Exercise every day. Stay active

• Quit smoking

• Reduce the salt consumption in everyday diet

• Eat healthy and homemade foods

• Have proper protein, nutrition, and all the vitamins in your everyday balanced diet.

Diagnosis – how do doctors test Edema?

Doctors take the following measures and tests to diagnose your Edema –

• Physical tests –doctors touch the swollen body part to check if it’s Edema or normal inflammation issue.

• Blood tests

• Study your medical history

• X-RAY and ultrasounds

• Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

• Urine check

Treatments for Edema

In most cases, Edema goes away only after a week or a few. However, severe Edema needs treatment and proper care as they involve complications in themselves. Following treatment options are available for Edema cure –

• Compression – compression-like stockings and gloves are suggested to prevent further inflammation the experts.


• Medications and drug therapies like furosemide tablets or injections are provided


• Elevation therapy


• Proper cleaning, moisturizing and massaging is prescribed with certain massage balms.

Frequently aksed questions –

Answer – VEPURED® vaccines are provided to prevent Edema.

Answer – no , Ebola is not an airborne disease

Answer – Edema is not a contagious disease.

Answer – the average death rate of Edema disease lies between 40% to 50% .

Answer – although there is no specified cure for Edema , but medications and therapies are far helpful. Even the mild Edema goes itself only after few days.

Answer – yes , there are cases where the disease affect the same person two times.

Answer – Edema can affect anyone . Specially it affects pregnant women and old aged people of 60+ age group.

Answer – Edema if left untreated can lead to organ damage , coma , shock and other serious chronic sores.