kawasaki disease: Symptoms, Adults, Slideshare, Complications, Treatment
Kawasaki syndrome or mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome is referred to as a disease which causes swelling in the walls of the blood vessels in children’s bodies. This is the rarest case and is found in anyone every 9 children out of 20 of age under 5 years, says the researchers. The disease causes inflammation in the children’s mouth nose throat eyes and glands. The cause of Kawasaki disease is still unknown but studies and previous cases say that it is mostly caused in winters or during early spring.
A child suffering from Kawasaki syndrome may experience redness and rashes in their eyes skin issues and the body parts like hands and feet become inflamed.
The child also may experience mild or moderate fever. If treated at the early stage the disease can go away easily.
• Fever that is more than 39 degrees Celsius which space for more than 4 or 5 days
• Rashes in various body parts of the child
• Swelling of your lymph nodes
• Redness and leaching in the eyes
• Dumpy and thick discharge of mucus and from Eyes
• Chapped and cracked lips
• Pain in the abdomen
• nausea and diarrhoea
• Anger issues
• joint pain
• body ache
• frequent vomiting
• anxiety and depression
All though there is various myth about the cause of Kawasaki syndrome the exact causes of the disorder is still unknown. Scientists believe that the disease is contagious and some believe that it is the result of exposure to environmental toxins and various viral infections and bacteria inside or outside the body. Research is still being done to know about this disease from its root.
Age- children aged under 5 years are more likely to develop Kawasaki syndrome in themselves.
Gender- although, Kawasaki disease affects both males and females boys are more prone to develop the disorder.
Race- children living in Asia, Pacific Island and children of Japan and Korea have more chances of Kawasaki syndrome themselves.
The symptoms to judge Kawasaki syndrome are really complicated as parents meet that the child is having normal fever. And if the fever does not go away itself or from medicines in two-three days and if the fever is more than 102 Fahrenheit then parents should understand the indication and take their children to the doctor without any further delay.
A child suffering from Kawasaki syndrome may come across the following complication if not treated-
• Heart attack
• permanent heart damage
• Swelling of the heart muscle (aneurysms of the coronary arteries)
• Inflammation in blood vessels of the heart
• Peripheral arterial occlusion
• Internal bleeding
No, very honestly Kawasaki syndrome is not at all preventable in any way. Neither is there any precautionary step you can go for as the causes are also unknown. The only thing parent can do for that child is go for treatment of their child once he gets a fever which is more than 39 degrees Celsius.
Fact – this is a big myth. Yes the chances of developing the disease is more in children under 5 years but it can occur in children more than 5 years also.
Fact – Although the chances of developing Kawasaki disorder is more in boys but girls can also be affected from the disease easily
Fact – this is not true all the time. Yes if the child have high fever then it is a symptom of Kawasaki syndrome but there are many other factors which depend upon the situation your child may also suffer from some other disease. Proper diagnosis would help in this case.
Kawasaki syndrome is not diagnosable by any one test. Doctors perform many examinations to diagnose your disease. These include the following of them-
• Blood sample
• Saliva analysis
• Electrocardiogram test
• Eco cardiogram test
• Study your current symptoms which majorly depend on the following –
1. The child’s fever
2. the child’s body rashes
• Aspirin – Aspirin is suggested by the doctors when the child is suffering from high fever and enlarged swelling of various body parts. The medicine helps to get away from the fever, blood clotting and pain within 48 hours only. In many of the cases, it is a complaint by the parents that Aspiring consumption causes chicken pox in the child. Therefore it is suggested not to take overdose on it.
• Intravenous immunoglobin- the injection is injected in the veins to reduce the symptoms of inflammation in the child’s heart which gives instant relief within 24 to 36 hours.
• Vaccines for chickenpox, flu and measles are suggested to take 1 year after the child recovers from Kawasaki syndrome.
• Vitamin and fibre supplements
Answer – yes the proper diagnosis test can only say if you child suffers the Kawasaki syndrome or not and then only you can go for the correct further treatment.
Answer – the symptoms may last from one week to 10 days or sometimes it may even take a month.
Answer – taking the majority cases hardly takes 122 month to treat the disease. But some child who are in senior condition can need to go for the treatment even longer.
Answer – some believe that Kawasaki disease is contagious but there is no scientific evidence which proves this line.
Answer – yes , Kawasaki can be fatal because it can lead to heart failure bleeding and various other complications explain above but the cases of death are as less as 3%.