lyme Disease Symptoms, Caused, Diagnosis and Prevention
Lyme borreliosis or Lyme disorder is a disease which is caused by the borrelia virus that spreads through the bite of infectious black-legged ticks or deer ticks of genus Ixodes.
Lime disease is basically caused by four types of bacteria named borrelia Burgdorfer and borrelia mayonii, borrelia afzelii and borrelia garinii.
The bite of ticks remains stuck to a person’s body for at least 48 hours.
The virus is most common in the North East, United States, Mexico, upper Midwest and Canada and Florida.
The bacteria can cause infection in your blood and damage your different major organs like the brain, joints and skin.
Diagnosis for Lyme disease includes a lot of effort and a single test cannot say anything about the disorder.
Signs and symptoms of LIME disorder very from one person to another depending upon the stage at which they are. Some of the Signs and symptoms include the following of them-
• Red mosquito bite bumps
• Skin rashes
• Body aches or muscle ache
• Neck and spine rigidity
• Swollen lymph nodes
• Droopy face
• Swelling of brain area
• Unusual heartbeat
• Swollen and red eyes
If you have been bitten by mosquitoes while sleeping and you found redness or pimple over that area especially if you live in a green grassy area then you must go for your doctor’s consult at least once. Also if you find any of the above symptoms which are persistent and do not improve within a week then you must not ignore the symptoms of Lyme disorder.
Lyme disease is caused by viral bacteria named Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii whose transmitter is the black-legged (deer ticks).
To contract Lyme disease, an infected
What are the risk factors associated with Lyme disease?
Risk factors include the following of them-
• Staying or spending a lot of time in a place which is wooden, uncleansed and grassy
• Not wearing full sleeve clothes and having exposed skin all the time
• Residing in North East and North Central state of United States
• Genetics or hereditary
• Lyme arthritis
• Facial palsy
• Weakness and low blood pressure
• Vision loss
• Body stiffness
• Memory loss at a young age
• Abnormalities of heart rate
The disease is easily preventable. One just needs to be precautional while stepping out the door and also at the home.
• Stay away from places which are wooden bushy and grassy
• If it is your necessity to stay in the such area then always cover yourself with full sleeved cloth
• Apply insect repellent with a high concentration of DEET
• Always wear fresh and clean clothes
• Remove that take with alcohol and tweezers as soon as you see them
• Always take a shower once you come home
Fact – this is a big myth. If you again do not take care of the precautional step and get bite by a tick another time then you will again have Lyme disorder
Fact – this is not true all the time. In many of the cases people get diagnosed before the disease enters their blood and a tested negative but later on they experience the same symptoms.
Fact – this statement is untrue. The symptoms very widely from person to person and may not be seen in every one at the initial stage but it does not mean that you do not have lyme disease.
Fact – there have been cases where antibiotic drugs have not helped and the disease continues to stay in the body.
Doctors go through a lot of tests and examinations to detect Lyme disease. These include the following of them –
• Blood sample
• Ask questions about your lifestyle choices
• Study your past medical history
• Physical exam
• Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test
• Western blot tests
• Urine analysis (if necessary)
Lyme disease is very easily and quickly and treat table with the help of antibiotics. Doctors can prescribe you the following antibiotics to treat your disease-
• Oral antibiotics-
oral antibiotics are suggested for people who are at the initial stage of Lyme disease. These antibiotic includes drugs like amoxicillin, cefuroxime and doxycycline. These antibiotics are very quick and effective.
• Intravenous antibiotics –
when the infection reaches your nervous system, intravenous antibiotics and injections are suggested by the doctors but they have various side effects also like constipation, nausea and diarrhoea. Some of the intravenous antibiotics that may be suggested by your doctor is ceftriaxone.
Answer – no, genuinely lime disease is easily treatable for almost everyone however the complications may stay in your body if you have started its treatment at a very late stage.
Answer – yes , Lyme disease can called swelling of your brain and also permanently damage your Nerve cells.
Answer – Lyme disease is easily curable within two weeks to a month for max.
Answer – honestly , Lyme disease is not really life threatening but if you have started your treatment at the last stage then you may go through various severe complications in your body.