Measles Definition: Symptoms, Disease, Caused and Treatment
Measles or rubeola s a viral infection that affects your respiratory system. Measles affects children at a very little age.
The virus is highly contagious and spread even by a small touch. Although vaccines are available for measles still it takes away the lives of many children in lakhs numbers every year.
The virus remains in the person’s mucus of the nose and throat for 2 to 4 hours leading to Harsh symptoms in children like runny nose, sore throat and rashes.
1. Mild measles phase – it starts with a very regular fever and light coughing
2. Acute measles phase – in this stage the child gets rashes in their cheeks and then other body parts with white and red spots everywhere c resulting in frustration and itchiness of the skin.
3. Communication phase of measles – at this stage the virus is ready to transmit to another person.
In a few children, symptoms may be experienced in the initial stage but many get exposure to symptoms after 2 weeks.
Notice the following symptom in your child-
• Moderate or high-level fever
• Skin rashes
• Dry cough
• Redness of Eyes
• Nose bleeding
• Sored throat
• Small white bumps in your cheeks
Quick medical attention is needed if you see skin rashes in your child which is non – expectable and which do not improve within a week.
• Travelling too often (Especially to areas which are highly exposed to measles)
• Vitamin A deficiency
• Being pregnant
• Genetics / hereditary
• Vision loss
• Long-term dehydration
• Hearing loss and other ear infections
• Swelling of your brain
The US centres For Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) have approved vaccines for children as well as adults to prevent measles.
• The first vaccine is given to children from one year to 15 months
• The second vaccine is available for children of 5 years
2. Stay away from places which are highly exposed to measles
3. While travelling to another country, take all the precautionary items with you like gloves face mask and shoes
4. If you are residing in an area which is already exposed to the virus then isolate yourself for a few time
5. Spread awareness among everyone you know
6. Eat immunity build-up foods
Fact – the statement is a big myth. Yes there is cough measles in children’s are far more than that in adults but cases have came across where the adults have also lost their life due to the virus.
Fact – the vaccine do not give you 100% surety and it only reduces the risk of the virus in your but you can still get affected if you do not take the precautional steps.
Fact – no, this is the only good thing that if you have one fought measles then it cannot effective body and other time ever in life as your body is immune against the virus now.
The doctor generally looks over the symptoms of the child if they have harsh rashes, Runny nose and other symptoms of measles. They may perform the other test like –
• Blood tests
• Urine sample
• X-ray ( if necessarily needed )
There is no exact treatment or medicine available for measles recovery. Generally, doctors prescribe the following things to reduce the risk of complications and get rid of the disorder initially-
• Over-the-counter medications like Tylenol, and naproxen to reduce your fever
• Pain killers
• Immune serum globulin
• Vitamin A supplements
• Post-exposure vaccines
• Fluid consumption therapy to maintain the hydration level of your body
Answer – yes measles is a highly contagious virus that can spread through a simple direct contact.
Answer – measles can occur both in adults as well as children but children are more prone to the virus.
Answer – measles left and diagnosed and untreated can really be serious and life threatening for you as it can lead to various complications and even skin cancer.