What is Crohn’s Disease, Cause, Slideshare, Types, Treatment
Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD ) that leads to swelling of the intestine resulting in excessive stomach ache, diarrhoea weight loss and malnutrition in a person.
The inflammation is found in any digestive sweep which later on spreads to swelling in the underlying coating of the bowel. Cross disease must not be taken lightly and if left and treated can seriously be life-threatening.
According to surveys, more than half of the population in the world suffers from Crohn’s disease.
Where most of the patients are in their early 20s. The disease can affect people of any gender respective of their age.
The cause of the disease is still unknown and it depends upon genetic and other environmental factors. The proper treatment is also still not available but medications are Highly Effective to reduce its symptoms. Crohn’s disease can highly affect your everyday productive life and diagnosis is needed at an early stage only for a safe life.
In a few people, the disease symptoms cannot be seen at the early stage while in others it arises suddenly. The symptoms can be mild, moderate or severe varying from person to person. A few of the Signs and symptoms to know the presence of the disease includes the following –
• Mild or severe fever
• pain in the abdomen
• Excessive cramps during period
• Bleeding while stole past or urine pass
• diarrhoea and nausea
• Throbbed mouth
• Appetite loss
• unwanted weight loss
• Pain around the anal region
• Swelling in the pubic tunnel
• Joint inflammation
• Swelling of Eyes
• Bumps in the skin and unusual skin rashes
• Stone in kidney
• Delayed puberty
• Liver inflammation
• Bile duct inflammation
• Excessive pain during sexual intercourse
• Irregular periods on PCOD issues
As symptoms are not visible in everyone, many people are unaware that they suffered from Crohn’s disease. Therefore it is necessary for everyone to go for a regular check-up every 3 months even if they do not have any medical issues. However, if you go through the above explain symptoms like abdominal pain, intestinal bleeding, Unexpected weight loss, and frequent fever that does not improve then you should understand the symptoms and do not delay things to fix the appointment with your doctor.
The exact cause of Crohn’s disease is still unknown and depends on various factors. Scientists are still searching for the reason which leads to the disease. Improper diet and non–managed stress are something which is the ultimate house of diseases. The other major factors on which Crohn’s disease depends include the following –
• Genetic history
• Weak immune system
• Younger adults are more prone to the disease
• Family history
• your race (Jewish and Europeans are highly affected by Crohn’s disease)
• substance abuse like alcoholism and drugs
• Taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication for a long time
• Cancer in the colon
• Blockages in the digestive system
• Fistula is created in your intestine or other body parts
• Fishers in the anal region
• Gallbladder disease
• liver disease
• Skin cancer
• Blood clotting
Genuinely, Crohn’s disease is not really preventable. Only going for a healthy lifestyle can manage the disease to reduce its risk in your life. The various ways and precautions to take care include the following-
• Quit smoking
• stay fit. Neither overweight nor underweight
• Exercise regularly
• Practice yoga and meditation
• Learn to manage your stress
• Go for a low-fat diet
• Avoid junk street food
• For skin care, don’t go for market-based harmful toxins involved in the cosmetics. Go For Natural ingredients for skin benefits like aloe Vera.
Fact – this is just a big myth. From the early time only , it is believed that someone with emotional issues , anxiety and depression are at more risk to develop Crohns disease. But , There is still no such evidence or proof which States this true.
Fact – these two condition are stated same because they have many similar symptoms like nausea , vomiting and diarrhea and both the disease are related to Gastro intestinal span only. But there lies a huge difference between the two. Where, irritable bowel syndrome never cause inflammation or swelling of any part of the body , Crohns disease have the basic nature of causing inflammation.
Fact – this is a partial myth. Bad heating disorders will surely affect your health in one or other way but it is not directly related to Crohns disease. Crohns disease are the cause of other major factors and the bad eating habits just versions the symptoms but it’s not the basic reason.
Fact – this is also a partial myth. Smoking does not directly lead to Crohns disease but it would increase the risk of developing Crohns disorder and worsen your health issues.
Crohn’s disease can never come out through any single diagnosis. Doctors Mein perform the following test to check your Crohns disorder –
• Blood sample
• Urine analysis
• Stool sample
• Computerised tomography scans or CT scans
• Magnetic resonance imaging scans or MRI scan
• Capsule endoscopy
• Balloon-assisted enteroscopy
Like Crohns cannot come on a single diagnosis they cannot go away through a single treatment. A lot of effort of medications and therapies are required to just reduce its symptoms. Some of them include the following –
• Anti-inflammatory drugs like corticosteroids such as prednisone and budesonide are helpful to reduce this swelling in the body. Oral 5 aminosalicylates drugs are also a benefit.
• Immune system suppressors like azathioprine, mercaptopurine and methotrexate are some effective immunosuppressants for reducing bowel disorders.
• Antibiotics like ciprofloxacin and metronidazole may be prescribed by your doctor to decrease the bacterial symptoms in your intestine
• Pain killers
• Vitamins and fibre supplements as the disease leads to malabsorption of vitamins and nutrients in your body
• Nutritional and other drug therapies
Answer – children’s and younger adults of age till 35 years are at high risk of developing Crohns disease in themselves. Also , your stress and unhealthy lifestyle can also lead to the disorder.
Answer – no , Crohns disease is not contagious and cannot spread from one person to another.
Answer – Crohns disease is not really fatal but if not taken care of , it can lead to serious complications in your intestines.